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A. Wylie's Contribution to the Introduction of Chinese Science to Europe

Guo Shirong (Inner Mongolia Normal University)

Alexander Wylie (1815-1887) spent nearly thirty years in China, in change of the London Missionary Society's printing establishment in Shanghai from 1847-1860, and working for the British and Foreign Bible Society from 1863-1877.During the second half of the 19th century he was well-known in China for his translations of and writings on Western mathematics and science, and in the United Kingdom he was regarded as an accomplished sinologist, introducing Chinese literature to Western audience. In the present paper,one of a series of studies on Wylie's contributions,we will give a description of Wylie's contribution to the introduction of Chinese science to the western world.

A. Wylie published several books and contributed many papers and articals to journals and newpapers on many subjects. In some of his works, Wylie introduced aspects of the history of Chinese mathematics and science to European readers. He also described and introduced a broad range of Chinese literature, including a remarkable number of books on mathematicas, medicine, science and technology from ancient to contemporary times. He also made more detailed research into aspects of China' mathematics, astronomy, geography, etc.. For examples, he contributed to the history and the current state of Chinese mathematics, Mongol astronomical instruments in Beijing, solar and lunar eclipses records, fixed stars in Chinese works, and on absestos in China,etc.

These contributions were much valued in his own day, and had a considerable influence on later historians of Chinese culture and science.

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