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Inhalt des Dokuments

CHEN Yongchao, Peking University

Folk Legend and Its Dynamics: A Case Study of Oral Narratives and Worship of Ancient Holy Figures in Hongtong, Shanxi

Abstract

中文摘要:山西洪洞县“接姑姑迎娘娘”活动,在全面接受主流传统中的尧舜事迹之余,将叙事中心由圣王转移到圣母,并解脱了长期附着其上的庄严叙事,在世俗化的氛围中释放了民间叙事的潜力。关于圣母的身世传说,为这一在中国范围内并不罕见的仪式类型罕见地提供了一个解释性框架,从而将国家共祖转化为地方私祖并在较大范围内将地缘关系血缘化了。尽管这些小传统的圣母传说与大传统的经典文献拉开了很大距离,但是大传统的言说尤其是其主导性质,却始终对小传统起着或明或暗的规约作用。

The “Receiving Gugu and Welcoming Nionio” activity in Hotong County, Shanxi, accepted wholesale the mainstream tradition’s rendering of Yao and Shun’s legends before it shifted the narrative focus from sage kings to holy queens. By breaking through the venerable narrative that clung on it for a long time, the potential of folk narrative was released amidst secular atmosphere. The holy queens’ life stories provide a rare interpretive framework for a ritual not uncommon in China. It privatized national ancestors to local ancestors and turned geo-relations into blood relations. Granted, as little tradition, the legends of holy queens differ greatly from the classics of the great tradition. However, the discourse of great tradition, particularly it’s dominant nature, serves to regulate the little tradition either publicly or indirectly.

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