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TU Berlin

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YE Tao, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences

Civil Discourse and Political Practices: Tracing a Folk Religious Association longpaihui in the Last Two Decades

Abstract

中文摘要:在河北省赵县范庄村,每年的农历二月二都要举办名为“龙牌会”的庙会活动。龙牌会,既是一个乡村民间信仰组织的名称,也是以祭拜龙牌为特征的庙会活动的名称。
本文利用个人的田野调查资料,并且参考其他学者的相关研究成果,对龙牌会这一民间信仰组织及其庙会活动自1979年以来的发展变化予以简要回顾。本文通过对龙牌会的内部组织形态、庙会仪式和信仰空间等变化的描述,认为在当前中国社会转型时期,以龙牌会为代表的中国民间信仰组织,正努力适应社会变化,积极争取合法的生存空间,而国家相关政策的调整和社会舆论空间的扩展,也为民间信仰组织及其活动的发展提供了有利条件。在龙牌会的发展变化中,学者的参与和地方官员的默许也起到了重要作用。

The term Longpaihui (literally Dragon Memorial Tablet Association) refers to two issues: The first one is the faith-based association of the village Fanzhuang, Zhao County of the Hebei Province; the second one is the temple fair in the same village to the annual Festival on the Second day of the second lunar month, which is characterised by cult of Dragon Memorial Tablet.
In this paper, at first I briefly trace down the developments of longpaihui in the last two decades. Based on my own empirical investigations as well as surveys conducted by the other scholars, I give then ethnographic descriptions of longpaihui’s internal organizations, temple fair rituals, belief space, etc. I argue that during the social transition folk religious associations like longpaihui are attempting energetically to optimize their status of legal existence through adjusting themselves to the state policy and through strengthening civil religious discourses. Not to be neglected are also the interventions of scholars and the acquiescence of local officials.

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