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Wissenschaft und Technik im modernen China. Eine Einführung (PS/SE)

Inhalt

Im Rahmen dieses Einführungsseminars werden die wichtigsten Diskurse, Protagonisten und Institutionen der chinesischen Wissenschaftslandschaft sowie die Wissenschafts- und Technologiepolitik vorgestellt. Die Technologieentwicklung wird am Beispiel ausgewählter Branchen diskutiert.

Seminarplan
Datum
Inhalt
Literatur
20.10.

Einführung/Besprechung der Seminarthemen






27.10.
  • Der Beginn moderner Wissenschaft in China
  • Moderne Wissenschaft in der späten Qing-Zeit
  • Republik-Zeit
  • Bildungskonzepte: Cai Yuanpei
Hayhoe (1995): S. 3-72,
Needham (1948), Needham (1945)
3.11.
  • Wissenschaft in der Volksrepublik China
  • Wissenschaftspolitik
  • „863" und „973" Programme
  • 15-Jahresplan
  • „wissenschaftliches Entwicklungskonzept"
  • Herausforderungen
Linda Jacobson (2007): S. 1-36
10.11.
f.a.
17.11.
  • Das Hochschulwesen im sozialistischen China
  • Vorstellung von bekannten Hochschulen: Beida, Qinghua, Tongji, Zhejiang
  • Forschungsinstitutionen: Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences

Hayhoe (1995): S. 72-143



24.11.
  • Technologische Herausforderungen
  • Industrieentwicklungszonen
Cong Cao (2008), Sigurdson (2008), Zhao (2009): S. 67-87
1.12.
Verkehr und Transport (Hochgeschwindigkeitszüge, Transrapid, Autos (Elektro- und Hybridantriebe), Flugzeuge)
Autos: Gallagher (2006): S. 22-61
8.12.
Informatik / Elektronik / Telekommunikation
Ordonez des Pablos (2009), Yu Jiang (2010), Kroeber (2007): S. 37-70, Wei Shouhua (2009): S. 89-120, Guo/Wu (2009): S. 35-51

15.12.
Weltraumfahrt (Satelliten / bemannter Weltraumflug)

Seedhouse (2004)

5.1.
Rüstungstechnik
12.1.
Nukleartechnologie (militärisch und zivil)

19.1.
Energie (insbesondere erneuerbare Wasser, Wind, Solar)
Gu 2007, Jiang Kejun (2007): S. 99-128
26.1.
Medizin

2.2.
Biotechnologie / Gentechnologie (Medizin und Agrartechnik)
Karplus (2008), Yu Jun (2007): S. 134-162
9.2.
Technologien der Zukunft: Laser, Nanotechnologie
Bai/Wang (2007): S. 71-95
16.2.
Ausblick:
Chinas technologischer Status im Zeitalter der Globalisierung. Technologietransfer Produktpiraterie zum „Leapfrogging" ?
Thomson (2008), Jakobson (2007)
Lin Ping (2008), Suttmeier (2008), Brem (2009): S. 55-65, Gallagher (2006): S. 93-163

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Literatur

Bai Chunli, and Wang Chen. 2007. Nanotechnology Research in China. In Innovation with Chinese Characteristics: High-Tech Research in China, ed. Linda Jakobson, 71-95. Basingstoke & New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Brem, Alexander. 2009. The Term Innovation and its Front End – Is there a Specific Asian View? In The China Information Technology Handbook, ed. Patricia Ordonez de Pablos and Miltiadis D. Lytras, 55-65. New York: Springer.

Cao Cong. 2008. Technological Development Challenges in Chinese Industry. In China's Science and Technology Sector and the Forces of Globalisation, ed. Elspeth Thomson and Jon Sigurdson, 1-30. Singapore: World Scientific.

Gallagher, Kelly Sims. 2006. China Shifts Gears: Automakers, Oil, Pollution, and Development. MIT Press.

Gordon, Yefim, and Dmitriy Komissarov. 2008. Chinese Aircraft: China's Aviation Industry Since 1951. Hikoki Publications.

Gu Xuewu, and Maximilian Mayer. 2007. Chinas Energiehunger: Mythos oder Realität? Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag.

Guo Zhenzhi, and Wu Mei. 2009. Dancing Thumbs. Mobile Telephony in Contemporary China. In China's Information and Communications Technology Revolution: Social Changes and State Responses, ed. Xiaoling Zhang and Zheng Yongnian, 35-51. Taylor & Francis.

Hayhoe, Ruth. 1996. China's Universities 1895-1995: A Century of Cultural Conflict. Garland.

Jakobson, Linda, ed. 2007. Innovation with Chinese Characteristics: High-Tech Research in China. Basingstoke & New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Jiang Kejun. 2007. Energy Technology Research in China. In Innovation with Chinese Characteristics: High-Tech Research in China, ed. Linda Jakobson, 99-128. Basingstoke & New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Karplus, Valerie J., and Deng Xing Wang. 2008. Agricultural Biotechnology in China: Origins and Prospects. New York: Springer.

Kroeber, Arthur. 2007. China's Push to Innovate in Information Technology. In Innovation with Chinese Characteristics: High-Tech Research in China, ed. Linda Jakobson, 37-70. Basingstoke & New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Lin Ping, and Zhang Jing A. 2008. R&D Incentives, Industrial Structure and technology Transfer in China. In China's Science and Technology Sector and the Forces of Globalisation, ed. Elspeth Thomson and Jon Sigurdson. Singapore: World Scientific.

Needham, Joseph. 1945. Chinese Science. Pilot Press.

Needham, Joseph, and Dorothy Needham. 1948. Science Outpost: Papers of the Sino-British Co-Operation Office. Pilot Press.

Ordonez de Pablos, Patricia, and Miltiadis D. Lytras, eds. 2009. The China Information Technology Handbook. New York: Springer.

Seedhouse, Erik. The New Space Race: China Vs. USA. Berlin, Heidelberg & New York: Springer.

Sigurdson, Jon. 2008. Ningbo and Dalian: Patterns of Science and Technology Development. In China's Science and Technology Sector and the Forces of Globalisation, ed. Elspeth Thomson and Jon Sigurdson, 143-172. Singapore: World Scientific.

Suttmeier, Richard P., and Yao Xiangkui. 2008. Standards and the State: Chinese Technology Policy in an Age of Globilisation. In China's Science and Technology Sector and the Forces of Globalisation, ed. Elspeth Thomson and Jon Sigurdson, 79-118. Singapore: World Scientific.

Thomson, Elspeth, and Jon Sigurdson, eds. 2008. China's Science and Technology Sector and the Forces of Globalisation. Singapore: World Scientific.

Wei Shouhua, Li Xianjun, and Wu Guisheng. 2009. Absorptive Capability, Local Innovation Networks, and International R&D Spillovers: An Empirical Study on the Chinese ICT Industry. In The China Information Technology Handbook, ed. Patricia Ordonez de Pablos and Miltiadis D. Lytras, 89-120. New York: Springer.

Yu Jiang, and Richard Li-Hua. 2010. China's Highway of Information and Communication Technology. Palgrave Macmillan.

Yu Jun. 2007. Biotechnology Research in China. In Innovation with Chinese Characteristics: High-Tech Research in China, ed. Linda Jakobson, 134-162. Basingstoke & New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Zhang Xiaoling, and Zheng Yongnian, eds. 2009. China's Information and Communications Technology Revolution: Social Changes and State Responses. Taylor & Francis.

Zhao Jing-Yuan. 2009. Beijing International IT R&D Hub. In The China Information Technology Handbook, ed. Patricia Ordonez de Pablos and Miltiadis D. Lytras, 67-87. New York: Springer.

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Wissenschaft und Technik im modernen China. Eine Einführung
3130 L 206
Seminar

Lecturer: Dr. Eva Sternfeld

Period:
from 20.10.2010

We 14:00 - 16:00 o'clock

Location: FR 7039



Course overview (LSF)